Working on updating a legacy React project. It’s still using React 8 and Node 7.9, I’d like to upgrate it to the latest React and Node.

The upgrading process was boring and straight forward, I just upgrade the dependencies and fix those broken changes in some dependencies, luckily most of them do noe need any change.


But when I run jest test, there is an error popup in almost every test file:

Enzyme Internal Error: Enzyme expects an adapter to be configured, but found none. To
configure an adapter, you should call `Enzyme.configure({ adapter: new Adapter() })` 
before using any of Enzyme's top level APIs, where `Adapter` is the adapter 
corresponding to the library currently being tested. For example:

          import Adapter from 'enzyme-adapter-react-16';

Searched a bit, it looks like after Enzyme 3.0 and React15, you have to configure the Adapter to run the tests.


To fix it is very simple, just put these lines on the top of your test file:

import { configure } from 'enzyme';
import Adapter from 'enzyme-adapter-react-15';

configure({ adapter: new Adapter() });

While enzyme-adapter-react-15 is also needed, you will need to use correct version per your react version.

But, what if your project is very large, it has like more than 30 test files, is it mean that you will need to put these line on top of every of your test file?

Of course no, here is what you should do.

  • create a js file, name it as jestConfig.js or any name you think is best. put it in any path in your project.
  • either create a jest.config.js in your project root or a block in package.json file
  • put/append these content into it:
 "jest": {
    // ... other jest configrations
    "setupFilesAfterEnv": ["<rootDir>/path/to/your/jestConfig.js"],

Notice that some tutorial might suggest you to do this with old Enzyme version

 "jest": {
    // ... other jest configrations
    "setupTestFrameworkScriptFile": "<rootDir>/path/to/your/jestConfig.js"

In newer version the key has been changed from setupTestFrameworkScriptFile to setupFilesAfterEnv, and you can use multiple config file since it now uses array as value.

what about React 17

While the most recent official ezyme-adapter-react is for 16, the 17 is not surpported yet, so if you are using React 17, here is another unofficial package you can use @wojtekmaj/enzyme-adapter-react-17

It has more than 6k downloads every week now, seems reliable.